Italianate and Renaissance Revival of the 19th century looks back to the Renaissance, the rebirth of interest in classical antiquity that appears first in Italian literature, and then in culture and art in the 14th century. In the 19th century the Picturesque Movement inspires English designers to explore alternatives to classicism, Gothic, and other stylesof the middle ages.
Theses include Pediments, stringcourse, quoins, hood moldings, brackets, columns on porches or verandas, swags, acanthus, arabesque, and rounded arches. Additional interior motifs are fruit, game, animals, masks, strapwork, Greek key, sphinx, lotus, blossoms, palmettes, urns, roundels, cabochons, pendants, and applied bosses or lozenges.
Types of building during this time includes offices, department stores, warehouses, mills, factories, post offices, custom houses, city halls, train stations, and theaters. Residential types inlude mansions, row houses, and urban villas.
- The floor plans are generally symmetrical and designed for functional purposes
- Common stringourses on buildings
- Roofs may be flat or low pitched, tower roofs are hipped or gables
- Doors and windows have bold details the second story windows are larger and more dynamic with detail.
- Building materials had brick, store, or cast iron as the structural component.
These types of new rooms include entry halls, atriums, courtrooms, or legislative chambers. In resdiential buildings entry halls, parlors, dining rooms, and bedrooms may display Renaissance Revival characteristics.