Gothic Revival consciously revives Gothic and other aspects of the Middle Ages. Beginning in England about the middle of the 18th century, it challenges the supremacy of Neoclassicism within 50 years. In its earliest manifestations, Gothic Revival applies eclectic architectural motifs to contemporary forms. Following the growth of scholarship, the style begins to develop from medieval prototypes, eventually forming a unique expression indicative of its time. Elements of Gothic revival theories become foundations for later design reform movement.
These inlude pointed arches, pinnacles, battlements, crockets, stained glass, rose windows, trefoils, quatrefoils, cinquefoils, cluster, columns, oak leaves, and heraldic devices.
The types of building are mainly churches. By the mid- 19th century , Gothic becomes an accepted style for museums, national monuments, univerisity buildings, town halls, hotels, train stations, and commercial buildings. Residential types were large homes, chateaux, medieveal manor, and cottages.
- The early style is irregular
- Roman features
- More Religious
- High Victorian becomes more regular
- Simple outlines
- Elements from German, Italy, and French medieval style
New spaces include rooms with specific funtions related to the building’s use such as art galleries, conference rooms, offices, and public spae for hotels. Residential spaces include great halls, living rooms, libraries and studies, smoking rooms and chapels.
- Colors that dominate are crimson, blue, and gold
- Floors are made of wood or masonry
- Comtemporary hanging lanterns, chandeliers, and wall sconces are common
- Two types of ceilings- timber ceilings or flat ceilings
- Walls receive a variety of treatments
Furnishings and Decorative Arts: