England’s Regency is a creative and productive period for both architecture and the deorative arts. Designers borrow and synthesize forms and influenes from classical, medieval, and exotic sources. Noeclassicaism continues to dominate the arts and architecture, but the Romantic and Picturesque Movements also affect design.
Concepts: During the Regency period follows two paths
1. One thread maintains the flow of the Neoclassical period.
2. The second, later trend, adopts elements from other classical sources.
Motifs include pediments, columns, arabesques, grotesques, urns, classical figures, trellises, fretwork, bamboo, foliage, pagodas, pointed arches, fan vaulting, rose windows, sphinxes, sun disk, and vulture, Egyptian heads, and stars.
Architecture – Public Buildings
- Gentelmen’s Clubs
Branch Bank of England
St. George’s Hall
- Some are part of the Picturesque urban developments
- The relationship to each other and the street is considered to create focal point
- Plans do not change a lot.
- Symmetry continues
- Important buildings often have a variety of sized and shaped spaces.
- Stucco for facing, dominates the period, it resembles stone
- Brick and stone are used
- Iron work and cast iron, iron is easily reproduced and can be turned into to any style.
- Usual classical characteristics
- Temple Fronts
- Porticoes, colonnades, and pediments.
- Clean Lines
- Smooth or rusticated walls
- Geometric forms, and sysmetrically disposed wing
- May be rectangular or square
- Small or large
- Typical sash and French windows are arranged symmetrically across the facade
- Few have Palladian windows
- Are wood panled with appropraite surrounds
- Cloumns, pilasters, porticoes
- Pointed arches and foliated arches
- May be flat
- Gabled with pitch dependent upon the style
- Hipped, Vaulted, or Domed
Architecture- Private Buildings
- Villas (between a mansion and a cottage in size)
- Few large country homes
Lincoln’s Inn Fields
- Some are apart of urban developments
- Create a series of scenic views
- Landscape is important
- They are symmetrical
- Arranged in circular patterns around a staircase
- More of an open plan
- Brick is dominant
- Local stone
- Portland cement is used to replace stucco
- Ceramic tiles
- Cast iron
- Wider and taller sash windows and bay windows
- Simpler door cases
- Town and country homes are symmetrical with temple fronts
- Blank walls
- Sash windows are typical
- Floor-length windows
- Dark colors highlight frames
- Some windows have fabric awnings
- Plainer then before
- Fanlights are smaller with simple patterns
- They are of wood with two to three large panels
- Glass is usually in the upper part of the doors
- May br flat, gabled, hipped, or battlemented
- Some may be domed in exotic shapes
- Some may have overhanging eaves
- Inside public building comes from materials such as stone or marble
- Walls are painted white, gray, or a rich red or blue
- Usual colors include crimson, saffron yellow, blue, and gold
- Wallpaper and fabric in homes
- Interiors are light filled than ever before
- Larger windows let more natural light in during the day
- Argand lamp and other oil lamps are used
- Candles still predominate in most homes
- Most floors are wood boards cut in ramdom lengths and widths
- Parquet floors imitate Roman Flooring patterns
- Stone, Scagliola and marble cover only lower floors because of weight
- Architectural details such as columns, pediments, and pilasters, articulate the walls
- Most have dado, fill, and cornice or frieze.
- Spaces between details are often painted or paneled
- The use of wallpaper increases
- It is block printed on rolls (called pieces) about 11′-6″.
- Many patterns available
- Flocked paper are particularly prized for drawing rooms
- Rectangular chimneypieces are simply treated with reading instead of columns, brackets, or caryatids.
- Mantels are made of colored marble, scagliola or stone
- A large mirror or painting usually hangs over the fireplace
- Most have simple molding surrounds
- Many continue to have folding interior shutters
- Curtains become universial
- Fabrics include velvet (for dining rooms and libraries), silks, satins, damasks, moreen, moire, and calicoes or other printed cottons.
- Treatments, especially in important rooms, are composed of layers of fabric
- Interior doors are paneled
- MAhogany doors have a clear finish
- Other wood doors are painted to match the rest of the decor.
- Double doorways singal important rooms.
- In public building ceilings may be compartmentalized, beamed, vaulted, or domed with coffers
- In houses, ceiling may be plain white or a paler version of the walls
- Some might have a plaster rosette in the center.
Furnishings and Decorative Arts
Elbow Chair With Saber Legs
Scrolled- End Sofa
Lit en Bateau