English Regency, British Greek Revival

England’s Regency is a creative and productive period for both architecture and the deorative arts. Designers borrow and synthesize forms and influenes from classical, medieval, and exotic sources. Noeclassicaism continues to dominate the arts and architecture, but the Romantic and Picturesque Movements also affect design.

Concepts: During the Regency period follows two paths

1. One thread maintains the flow of the Neoclassical period.

2. The second, later trend, adopts elements from other classical sources.

Motifs

Motifs include pediments, columns, arabesques, grotesques, urns, classical figures, trellises, fretwork, bamboo, foliage, pagodas, pointed arches, fan vaulting, rose windows, sphinxes, sun disk, and vulture, Egyptian heads, and stars.

Architecture – Public Buildings

Types:

  • Monuments
  • Banks
  • Museums
  • Gentelmen’s Clubs
  • Markets
  • Churches
  • Factories
  • Warehouse

Branch Bank of England

British Museum

St. George’s Hall

Royal Pavilion

Site Orientation:

  • Some are part of the Picturesque urban developments
  • The relationship to each other and the street is considered to create focal point

Floor Plans:

  • Plans do not change a lot.
  • Symmetry continues
  • Important buildings often have a variety of sized and shaped spaces.

Materials:

  • Stucco for facing, dominates the period, it resembles stone
  • Brick and stone are used
  • Iron work and cast iron, iron is easily reproduced and can be turned into to any style.

Facades:

  • Usual classical characteristics
  • Temple Fronts
  • Porticoes, colonnades, and pediments.
  • Clean Lines
  • Smooth or rusticated walls
  • Geometric forms, and sysmetrically disposed wing

Windows:

  • May be rectangular or square
  • Small or large
  • Typical sash and French windows are arranged symmetrically across the facade
  • Few have Palladian windows

Doors:

  • Are wood panled with appropraite surrounds
  • Cloumns, pilasters, porticoes
  • Pointed arches and foliated arches

Roofs:

  • May be flat
  • Gabled with pitch dependent upon the style
  • Hipped, Vaulted, or Domed

Architecture- Private Buildings

Types:

  • Villas (between a mansion and a cottage in size)
  • Townhouses
  • Few large country homes

Ickworth

Lincoln’s Inn Fields

 

Site Orientation:

  • Some are apart of urban developments
  • Create a series of scenic views
  • Landscape is important

Floor Plans:

  • They are symmetrical
  • Arranged in circular patterns around a staircase
  • More of an open plan

Materials:

  • Brick is dominant
  • Local stone
  • Portland cement is used to replace stucco
  • Ceramic tiles
  • Cast iron

Facades:

  • Wider and taller sash windows and bay windows
  • Simpler door cases
  • Town and country homes are symmetrical with temple fronts
  • Blank walls

Windows:

  • Sash windows are typical
  • Floor-length windows
  • Dark colors highlight frames
  • Some windows have fabric awnings

Doors:

  • Plainer then before
  • Fanlights are smaller with simple patterns
  • They are of wood with two to three large panels
  • Glass is usually in the upper part of the doors

Roofs:

  • May br flat, gabled, hipped, or battlemented
  • Some may be domed in exotic shapes
  • Some may have overhanging eaves

Interiors

 

Color:

  • Inside public building comes from materials such as stone  or marble
  • Walls are painted white, gray, or a rich red or blue
  • Usual colors include crimson, saffron yellow, blue, and gold
  • Wallpaper and fabric in homes

Lighting:

  • Interiors are light filled than ever before
  • Larger windows let more natural light in during the day
  • Argand lamp and other oil lamps are used
  • Candles still predominate in most homes

Floors:

  • Most floors are wood boards cut in ramdom lengths and widths
  • Parquet floors imitate Roman Flooring patterns
  • Stone, Scagliola and marble cover only lower floors because of weight

Walls:

  • Architectural details such as columns, pediments, and pilasters, articulate the walls
  • Most have dado, fill, and cornice or frieze.
  •  Spaces between details are often painted or paneled

Wallpaper:

  • The use of wallpaper increases
  • It is block printed on rolls (called pieces) about 11′-6″.
  • Many patterns available
  • Flocked paper are particularly prized for drawing rooms

Chimneypieces:

  • Rectangular chimneypieces are simply treated with reading instead of columns, brackets, or caryatids.
  • Mantels are made of colored marble, scagliola or stone
  • A large mirror or painting usually hangs over the fireplace

Windows:

  • Most have simple molding surrounds
  • Many continue to have folding interior shutters

Window Treatments:

  • Curtains become universial
  • Fabrics include velvet (for dining rooms and libraries), silks, satins, damasks, moreen, moire, and calicoes or other printed cottons.
  • Treatments, especially in important rooms, are composed of layers of fabric

Doors:

  • Interior doors are paneled
  • MAhogany doors have a clear finish
  • Other wood doors are painted to match the rest of the decor.
  • Double doorways singal important rooms.

Ceilings:

  • In public building ceilings may be compartmentalized, beamed, vaulted, or domed with coffers
  • In houses, ceiling may be plain white or a paler version of the walls
  • Some might have a plaster rosette in the center.

Furnishings and Decorative Arts

Seating:

Elbow Chair With Saber Legs

Stools

Bamboo Chairs

Arm Chairs

Regency Armchair

Scrolled- End Sofa

Tables

Console Table

 

Storage

Commode

Chiffoniers

Beds

Lit en Bateau

Decorative Art

 

 

 

 

 

 

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