Early- 19th century architceture in Germany and Austria continues the Neoclassical development first in the Greek Revial style. The term Biedermier applies mainly to middle class interiors and furniture in Austria and Germany during the period of 1815 to 1848. This style is an adaptation of French Empire.
German Greek Revival: Greek Revival archicture in Germany, like that of other countries, derives its details primarily from ancient Greek and its forms mainly from Roman architecture.
Biedermier: Interiors display bright colors, good lighting, warm woods, plants, and flowers, contributing to an inviting atmosphere. Rooms and furnishings are small in scale.
These include classical motifs such as columns, Egyptian terms, pediments, Greek key or fret, ancanthus leaves, palmettes, lyers, urns, hearts, arrows, and a stylized Prince of Wales motif.
- Row Houses
- Most plans are symmetrical
- Composed of rectangular, square, or round spaces
- Status is important concept in space planning
- Northern Germany favors brick, other area use local materials
- Schinkel introduces colored brick, terra-cotta, and cast iron
- Podia with front or angled staircases
- Temple Fronts
- Colonnades announce important buildings
- Columns, pilasters, or plain lintels may accentuate rectangular windows
- These form a grid across the facade
- Temple Fronts
- Both of these define the entrance
- Low- pitched gabled
- Some building have domes
- Light and bright
- Green, blue, yellow, gray, and brown
- Natural light from large windows
- Few people can afford oil lamps
- Wood planks
- Occasionally parquet
- Wall-to-wall carpet or area rugs
- Simple white muslin swags
- multiple brightly colored swags
- Floor length curtains and glass curtain hang under swags
- Dark Wood with simple painted surrounds
- Usually plain gray or white
- Wallpaper borders
- Plaster work
Furnishings and Decorative Arts
New furniture piceces include plant stands, tables for birdcages, magazine racks, and vitrines ro display treasured objects.