German Greek Revival, Biedermier

Early- 19th century architceture in Germany and Austria continues the Neoclassical development first in the Greek Revial style. The term Biedermier applies mainly to middle class interiors and furniture in Austria and Germany during the period of 1815 to 1848. This style is an adaptation of French Empire.

Design Characteristics:

German Greek Revival: Greek Revival archicture in Germany, like that of other countries, derives its details primarily  from ancient Greek and its forms mainly from Roman architecture.

Biedermier: Interiors display bright colors, good lighting, warm woods, plants, and flowers, contributing to an inviting atmosphere. Rooms and furnishings are small in scale.

Motifs:

These include classical motifs such as columns, Egyptian terms, pediments, Greek key or fret, ancanthus leaves, palmettes, lyers, urns, hearts, arrows, and a stylized Prince of Wales motif.

Architecture

Types:

  • Museums
  • Monuments
  • Gateways
  • Galleries
  • Theaters
  • Prisions
  • Row Houses
  • Apartments
  • Palaces

Floor Plans:

  • Most plans are symmetrical
  • Composed of rectangular, square, or round spaces
  • Status is important concept in space planning

Materials:

  • Northern Germany favors brick, other area use local materials
  • Schinkel introduces colored brick, terra-cotta, and cast iron

Facades:

  • Podia with front or angled staircases
  • Porticoes
  • Temple Fronts
  • Colonnades announce important buildings

Windows:

  • Columns, pilasters, or plain lintels may accentuate rectangular windows
  • These form a grid across the facade

Doors:

  • Porticoes
  • Temple Fronts
  • Both of these define the entrance

Roofs:

  • Low- pitched gabled
  • Some building have domes

Interiors

Color:

  • Light and bright
  • Green, blue, yellow, gray, and brown

Lighting:

  • Natural light from large windows
  • Lanterns
  • Chandeliers
  • Few people can afford oil lamps

Floors:

  • Wood planks
  • Occasionally parquet
  • Wall-to-wall carpet or area rugs

Walls:

  • Paint
  • Wallpaper

WindowTreatment:

  • Simple white muslin swags
  • multiple brightly colored swags
  • Floor length curtains and glass curtain hang under swags

Doors:

  • Plain
  • Paneled
  • Dark Wood with simple painted surrounds

Ceilings:

  • Usually plain gray or white
  • Wallpaper borders
  • Plaster work

Furnishings and Decorative Arts

New furniture piceces include plant stands, tables for birdcages, magazine racks, and vitrines ro display treasured objects.

Seating:

Sofa

Tables

Storage

Beds

Decorative Arts

 

 

 

 

 

 

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