Rococo

The Rococo period was a reaction to the heaviness and formality of the Baroque style. Lifestyles were often casual and intimate, they were also more artificial prominent role. Self-indulgence and a lack of morality and self-discipline were typical. The Rococo style was usually limited to interiors and furniture such as the Queen Anne style of furniture,.

Motifs

On exteriors, engaged columns, pilasters, pediments, quoins, string courses, brackets, and corbels appear sparingly and discretely. Interiors and furniture motifs include Chinoiserie, singerie, Italian comedy figures, musical instruments, hunting and fishing symbols, flowers, bouquets tied with ribbion, baskets of flowers, garlands, cupids, bows and arrows, torches, romantic landscapes, shepherds and shepherdesses, Turkish arabesques and figures, pastoral emblems such as shepherd crooks, and an allover trellis pattern with flowers in the center of intersecting lines.

Italian Comedy Figures

Cupid

Architecture

Floor Plans- Plans are generally symmetrical with rectangular rooms. A few plans depict oval spaces. Designers carefully plan the distribution of rooms to give the appropriate dignity and grandeur required for the nobility while still providing comfort and privacy.

Materials- Most hotels are of local stone and trabeated construction. Some lower stories are arched.

Facades- Hotels exhibit a scale suitable for the nobility. Buildings are symmetrical and horizontal with more continuity and refinement then Baroque buildings. Articulation and details are suborachieve unity, fronts feature less movement and fewer contrasts of light and dark as in the Baroque style. Pediments, columns, or rustication accentuate entrances, and string courses mark stories.

Windows- Rectangular or arched windows have simple lintels above them. Curviliner ironwork, such as on balconies, may distinguish lower portions. Decorative surrounds highlight dormer windows.

Doors- For emphasis, designers locate doorways as centerpieces in compositions and surround them with columns, pediments, coats of arms, and other ornamentation.

Roofs- Mansard, hipped, or low-pitched or flat roofs with balustrades are typical.

Interiors

Color- Most paneling is paintedwhite with gilded details. By the 1730s, a pastel yellow, bule, or green palette replaces white.

Lighting- Large windows, light-colored walls, shiny surfaces, and numerous mirrors fill room with light along with ornate lighting fixtures. Lanterns are more common in interiors. Small and large appliques, flambeaus, and candelabra on mantels and tables, and torcheres also provide light. To multiply light, the fixtures often sit in front of mirrors.

Floors- The most common flooring is wood blocks or parquet. Entries, halls, landings, and grand salons may feature marble or stone in blocks or squares.

Walls- Boiserie, carved wood paneling, with alternating wide and narrow panels is the most common wall treatment. Asymmetrical curves, foliage, and shells soften the corners, bottoms, and tops of panels. Decoration, which at times obscures form, extends beyond moldings and borders. Panel centers may have fabrics or colorful painted arabesques with or without figures and naturalistic motifs or landscapes.

tapestriesusually limited to grand rooms, depict Rococo theams in numerious colors and subtle shadings similar to paintings. Wallpapers gain favor but are not used in rooms of state. Types include hand-painted Chinese papers, flocked English papers, and patterns imitating textiles.

Chimneypiece- As the focal point, the fireplace sets proportions for paneling. The chimneypiece is smaller and projects less than before. The mantel shelf is slightly higher than the dado.

Windows- They are larger than before and feature curving tops. Most have interior shutters that match paneling. Divided panels and festoons appear in important rooms. Pelmets, fabric valances, come into general use after 1720.

Door- The door panels match those of walls. Over each door is a trumeau with paintings of pastoral, mythological, or romantic sceanes in asymmetrical curvilinear frames.

Ceilings- Covered ceilings, curving corners, and rocaille decoration extending onto the ceiling itself are the most common treatments. Some ceiling are plain with a central plaster rosette.

Furnishings and Decorative Arts

Types- New pieces, such as lounging furniture, that supports comfort and convenience appears. Gaming pieces, small tables and ladies’ writing furniture aer especially fashionable.

Materials- Cabinetmakers use more than 100 types of local and exotic woods to create colorful veneers and marquetry. Mahogany was first imported in 1760.

Seating- Seating comes in many sizes and forms for maximum confort. Seating includes the fauteuils, the bergere, bergere confessional, the voyeuse. The most common form is the canape. Lounging furniture becomes more important and includes the chaise longue and a duchesse brisee.

Chaise Lounge

Duchesse Brisee

Bergere Confessional

The Voyeuse

Tables- The many typesof table include game, card, work, and toilette tables. Rooms typically have varieties of small tables in many shapes that fulfill many functions. None is exclusively for eating.

Storage-Commodes

The Bureau Plat- Table Desk

Secretaire a Abattant- Drop-Front Desk

Bureau a Cylindre- Rolltop Desk

Beds-

Lit a la Duchesse

Lit a la Polonaise

Lit a la Turque

Decorative Arts- This Includes mirrors, porcelains, andirons, and fire screens.

Fire screen

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