Rome

Rome was once a great empire that conquered nations and was the epicenter for science and thought. The Romans greatest invention must have been the arch. Most of the Roman architecture was based on Greek orders but, were changed slightly. Another milestone in architecture that the Romans made was the use of concrete. With the use of concrete the Romans uesd a system of roads and bridges to connect the empire. The othertwo major innovations for the Romans were the building of aqueducts and the ability to use radiant heat to heat water and floors. During the Roman era there were leaps and bounds on the architecture front and it forever impacted all the next great design eras after them.

Motifs

Many motifs derive from Greece.

Rinceau

Cameo

Rosette

Acanthus leaf

Architecture

Temples

Like the Greeks, Romans typically pay homage to a particular god.

Forums

Is the center of the city, it is the core of religious, civic, and social life.

Basilicas

Basilicas were used for religious, legal, and meeting purposes.

Circuses

Used for entertainment

Coliseums

Used for entertainment

Baths

Romans use them for bathing, exercising, relaxing, and socializing.

Gymnasiums

Used for sporting events.

Aqueducts ( water supply system)

Interiors

Temple Interior

Roman Temples range from small and individual to large complexes and create a vista or focal point by being set on a longitudinal.

Forum interiors

Strict axial alignment and vistas are maintained.

Basilicas interiors

Basilicas feature large central rectangular spaces with lower side aisles, clerestory windows, and usually an apse on one end.

Circuses interiors

Circus ITALEASE Santiponce, Sevilla

Coliseums interiors

The coliseum has numerous barrel- vaulted corridors that support the seating and move spectators in and out of the area.

Baths interiors

Public baths maintain axial symmetry and sequential space planning with numerous domed and vaulted, small and large spaces.

Gymnasium interiors

Furniture

Thrones

Tables

Bed

Chairs

Lamp stand

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