Mesopotamian and Egyptian Culture

The ancient Mesopotamian Culture (4500-539 BC) was located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. There were many different groups the inhabited Mesopotamia including the Sumerians, the Babylonians, and the Assyrians. The Mesopotamians invented the wheel which was the turning point of their society.

 Ancient Egypt (3500-1100BC) inhabited ther land that ran along the Nile and the area that it flooded. Egypt was run by pharaohs who owned all the land and errected huge temples or pyramids for their burial tomb.

Almost all of the buildings of this time were made up of adobe bricks using load bearing construction. The ancient Mesopotamians built a great number of buildings including houses, temples, and palaces. As for the housing it was usually made from adobe brick with bare compressed earth floors along with frescoes covering most of the walls. The Mesopotamians  used little furniture but what they did have consisted mostly of stools, chairs, footstools, chest, tables, and beds.

Mesopotamian Buildings (ruins)

Very primitive art forms showed up during this period of history consisting of low relief figures and paintings not in perspective. Another popular method of ornamentation was the inlaying of lapis lazuli, limestone, and other materials.

Mesopotamian and Egyptian Furniture:

 The Mesopotamians  used little furniture but what they did have consisted mostly of stools, chairs, footstools, chest, tables, and beds.

Stool and Bowl

The Mesopotamian “chair”

The seat of Honor

Stool from Layard

Egyptian Stool:

Egyptian Kings Chair:

Egyptian Bed:

Religion : Mesopotamia and Egyptian

These carved stone figures, their eyes wide with awe and their hands clasped in reverence, were placed in Mesopotamian temples by worshippers to stand in perpetual prayer on their behalf before the god or goddess to whom the sanctuary was dedicated. When the temples were renovated, those statues that had fallen into disrepair or outlived the terms of their dedication were carefully buried within the building. The ancient Mesopotamians worshipped hundreds of gods, each with his/her own name and sphere of activity. Every city had its own patron god or goddess, and there were also deities connected with various professions – such as scribes and builders. The Egyptian religion consisted of more than 2,000 gods and most of Egypt’s art and architecture is based on or modeled after these god’s.

Relgion symbols

The Sun-god Symbol

Egyptian Architecture:

  Ancient Egyptians are responsible for building many grand palaces, obelisks, pryamids, and temples. These grand buildings were often made with a window of appearance so that the pharaoh could present himself to his people. 

Obelisks:

Pyramids:

Temples:

Palaces:

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